Reasons to Why the Hausa Language Still Dominates in West Africa

5 Facts Describing Hausa Language

Hausa is certainly among the major ethnic communities in Africa. Their numbers are greater in Ghana, Chad, Gabon, Cameroon, Togo, Senegal, Sudan, and Ivory Coast. Currently, with about 193 million human beings in Nigeria, approximately each fourth Nigerian has his/her origin from Hausa. Usually, many of them are found in the northern part of Nigeria.

Exploring the Hausas in Nigeria, which has the highest number of speakers, some facts define the language. These facts have been around Nigeria for a long time, making the language and its speakers broad in the country. They include:

  • More than 70 million people are native Hausa language speakers, while at least 40 million people are bilingual speakers.
  • The Hausa relationship with the car model Honda and their love for horses.
  • The high level of hospitality by Hausas.
  • The legend of Queen Amina uniting Muslims and also the Hausa.
  • A requirement to learn the language by the military in Nigeria.

Exploring the above facts, the Hausa also has a very widespread tradition. They share the same beliefs and customs with the Islamic religion, thus, uniting them. Since the Hausa group is very large, it has some dialects, which include the Hausa Ghana, Kano Daura, and Sokoto are with other minor dialects too. For a person translating Hausa to English or Hausa to any other language, the dialect tells where a person lives within the region.

More Than 70 Million People Are Native Hausa Language Speakers While At Least 40 Million People Are Bilingual Speakers

The considered standard language dialect by the Hausa is the Kano dialect. Kano city is the largest also and the most important in terms of Hausa the language. Because of the influence of the language, schools and universities across the country and in the whole region use Hausa in some of their classes. In printed media and online services, the language is also used across the country. The 100 Naira also, the Nigerian currency, had the Hausa Ajami script before it was removed in 2014.

Horses and Cars by Hausa

Traditionally, horses and cars are highly valued by the Hausa people who are considered naturally born horseback riders. A horse is still a status symbol as the horse racing sport found among the noble Hausa. The car, the Honda model, is also liked by the Hausa and valued at a higher level. Most say it is because of the economic value of the car’s spare parts, fuel consumption rate and affordability in purchasing one. That makes it a choice by the Hausa.

Hospitality by Hausa People

Their culture, tradition, and religion make them being recognized as the most hospitable in Nigeria. It might be due to the Islamic religion’s influence on them. They are quiet and may show shyness at some due to their association with the Fulani people, who have extreme levels of shyness. They usually accommodate strangers easily, and treating them with respect is not difficult for them. The interactions they make with themselves are healthy, even with the absence of formal age groups among them. Therefore, in making and maintaining a long-lasting friendship with a person of Hausa origin, it is usually easy and quick.

The Uniting Legend of Queen Amina

Queen Amina, a warrior for the Hausas and Muslims, ruled between the 15th and 16th centuries in Zazzau. Her military exploits in the region and her bravery in leading her army made her popular among the kingdoms in the region. She is celebrated as a female warrior who showed great characteristics of a ruler. With her architectural overseer, she was able to build walls around her city, which were later named after her as the Amina walls. She had the objective of extending her nation across the borders. To this day, she is remembered due to her achievements, acting as a symbol of unity among Muslim people and also the Hausa speakers.

A Requirement by Army Soldiers to Learn the Local Language

The introduced regulation for joining the Nigerian military in November 2017 to make Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo languages was a requirement for the soldiers joining the force. A 12 months training for the soldiers was introduced to learn the basic languages. The chief of the army expected the army to effectively carry out its duties by being able to communicate easily with the local communities. He thought by speaking the same language with the locals would win the locals’ trust.

For a long time now, since 1885, the Hausa language has been taught to different parts of the world in institutions dealing with African languages. The language is seen to have a rich vocabulary that has been borrowed from other languages like Arabic, English, and French. In the western part of Africa, the Hausa language and the Islamic religion continues to unite people through the development of healthy relationships.